CLIMATE SCIENCE

ADAPTATION AND MANAGEMENT

Image of shoreline with only remnant trees after vegetation removal

Microbial biogeochemical cycling across a chronosequence of mangrove introductions across Hawai‘i

PI: Rosie Alegado, Associate Professor, Dept. of Oceanography, UH Mānoa
Co-PI: Becca Lensing, Dept. of Oceanography, UH Mānoa
Funded: FY2020
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A hand measuring the size of 'opihi on the rocks.

US Fish & Wildlife Service ‘Opihi Project Podcast

A fifteen minute podcast hosted by the US Fish & Wildlife Service highlighting MCC graduate student Lauren Kapono and her work monitoring 'opihi (Cellana spp.) along the Kalaemanō shoreline of Hawaiʻi Island.
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Climate Change Atlas: Dominant Vegetation in the Hawaiian Islands

Climate Change Atlas: Dominant Vegetation in the Hawaiian Islands

Hawaiʻi is home to a rich diversity of native plants, about 90 percent of which are found nowhere else in the world, but changing climate conditions may reduce the amount of suitable habitat for native plants and contribute to the spread of invasive plant species. Scientists focused on 10 important native and five important invasive plant species, using over 35 years of data from thousands of locations in Hawai‘i to assess the plants’ preferred climate conditions and model their likely best future habitat based on climate change projections. The resulting maps and findings provide an initial set of decision support tools to help resource managers identify key locations for conserving native plants (and the birds and insects that rely on them) and for anticipating and controlling the spread of invasive plant species.
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Plant seedlings grow in small black buckets

Vulnerability of coastal ecosystems to increased salinity from climate change

PI: Kasey Barton, Associate Professor of Botany, UH Mānoa
Co-PI: Anna McCormick, Department of Botany, UH Mānoa
Funded: FY2020
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A variety of lush trees form an intergrown area.

Agroforestry in the Climate of the Marshall Islands

Agriculture and agroforestry (tree cultivation) are important activities for the Marshall Islands and other small islands to ensure food security and human health, support community self-sufficiency, promote good nutrition, and serve as windbreaks to stabilize shorelines and lessen storm damage and erosion. However, climate change is posing serious challenges for growers who struggle to adapt to climate impacts including saltwater intrusion, changing precipitation and temperature patterns, and the spread of invasive species. This tool was designed to provide Marshallese agricultural producers with information and resources that will help them adapt their growing practices to changing climate conditions.
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Students taking water measurements while standing in a stream

Fostering a SOEST culture of place- and community-based pedagogy in support of coastal sustainability in Hawai‘i

PI: Barbara Bruno, Specialist, UH Mānoa
Co-PI: Tineill Dudoit, Department of Earth Sciences, UH Mānoa
Funded: FY2020
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Students examine rocks and marine life at the oceanʻs edge.

He ala ʻae kai – The Path Near the Sea: Climate Inflictions Upon Intertidal

PI: John Burns , Assistant Professor of Marine Science, UH Hilo
Co-PI: Lauren Kapono , Tropical Conservation Biology & Environmental Science, UH Hilo; Haunani Kane, Post-doctoral Researcher, Marine Science Department, UH Hilo
Funded: FY2020
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A very dry landscape with brown grassy hills and brown, dead trees

Scaling up the Hawai‘i Drought Knowledge Exchange

PI: Christian Giardina , Research Ecologist, Inst. of Pacific Islands Forestry, US Forest Service
Co-PI: Abby Frazier , Research Fellow, East-West Center, UH Mānoa
Funded: FY2020
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A shallow valley is covered with dead brown grass and a scattering of dead and dying tree trunks.

Malo‘o ka lani, wela ka honua (When the sky is dry, the earth is parched)

PI: Christian Giardina, Research Ecologist, Inst. of Pacific Islands Forestry, US Forest Service
Co-PI: Katie Kamelamela, Postdoctoral Researcher, Akaka Foundation for Tropical Forests
Funded: FY20
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Hilly barren landscape with low burnt browned grass

Biochar as a mitigation tool for soil rehabilitation in Guam’s badlands and savannah grasslands

PI: Mohammad Golabi, Professor of Soil Science, University of Guam
Co-PI: Patrick Keeler, Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, University of Guam
Funded: FY2020
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